Sim-to-real – parameter estimation in real machine based on purely simulation dataset

What can be achieved if the physics-based simulation model is well synchronized with the actual application? In this particular case the dynamics of the simulation model and real machine are aligned, and then the in the simulation domain one parameter is varied and used to teach neural network to identify the taught parameter from the actual machine. See more details from below.

Simulation-Based Transfer Learning for Support Stiffness Identification 

The support structures of a rotating machine affect its overall dynamic behavior. The stiffness of the support structures often differs at the actual sites compared to the test rigs, which leads to uncertain dynamics. In this research, a novel method is developed to identify the support stiffness for an in-situ machine using a simulation-data-driven, deep learning algorithm. In this transfer learning approach, a deep learning algorithm is trained with a simulation model and then tested with measured vibration of a rotor-bearing-support system. To validate the algorithm for multiple cases, an experimental test rig with variable horizontal support stiffness is used. The results from the deep learning algorithm are compared with Linear regression (LR), Artificial Neural Network (ANN), and Support vector regression (SVR) for benchmarking. The models are trained with filtered frequency domain response, and challenges due to measurement uncertainty are analyzed. With the proposed pre-processing steps of the frequency domain response and outlier elimination, the deep learning-based virtual sensor can predict the support stiffness with reasonable accuracy, where the limiting factor is the data quality and lack of excitation at critical speed frequencies.
Bobylev, D., Choudhury, T., Miettinen, J. O., Viitala, R., Kurvinen, E., & Sopanen, J. (2021). Simulation-Based Transfer Learning for Support Stiffness Identification. IEEE Access, 9, 120652-120664.

Tags: virtual sensor, sim2real, sim-to-real, transfer learning

Taking the advantage of virtual world for real life application purposes